Buying Guide - Best Tourbillon Swiss Watches From 2019
While visiting the Breguet manufacture in Vallée de Joux some weeks ago, we certainly didn’t want to miss the movement assembly Atelier where the Maison’s tourbillon complications come alive. It was Abraham-Louis Breguet who invented this regulator over 200 years ago and the manufacture today is the world’s biggest producer. They have seven tourbillon families based on a range of models. The opportunity was perfect and we couldn’t resist the temptation. So, we asked the local team for some respective tourbillon swiss watches and temporarily turned a manufacture’s side room into a photo studio. The protagonists: four prestigious masterpieces, that successfully pursue the innovative legacy of Breguet in the 21st century.
On June 26th in 1801, Abraham-Louis Breguet patented the world’s first tourbillon. Up until then, the gravity had a crucial impact on the mechanical movement and consequently affected its accuracy. It especially affected pocket tourbillon swiss watches, as their movements were usually placed in a vertical position that was mainly responsible for the negative impact caused by gravity. A.-L. Breguet’s solution – he put all components (balance, spring, escapement and escapement wheel) that were most sensitive to gravity, into a cage that rotated around its own axis once a minute. Due to the tourbillon, the effect of gravity was equally dispensed. Hence, the rotational deviations caused by a certain position could be avoided.
The name tourbillon – which means ‘whirlwind’ – and its functionality was able to establish itself until today. The components were modified over time, but the principle is unchanged. The tourbillon cage and balance are made of titanium, the balance spring is made from silicon and the escapement is made of a mixture of silicon and antimagnetic steel. The tourbillon swiss watches was placed decentralized at 5 o’clock and adorned by a carefully hand bevelled tourbillon bridge. Considering that it is an extra flat watch, it vibrates at a remarkable high frequency of 4 Hz and still offers a power reserve of 80 hours. Not least due to the use of light materials.